Neurosciences is comprised of the Neurosurgery and Neurology units. The department provides a comprehensive range of neurological and medical assessments, medical management and combined management decisions regarding surgery.
Neurophysiologic assessment requires EEG, evoked potential testing, SSEP, polysomnography, video EEG, EMG and nerve conduction studies.
Imaging techniques use in diagnosis of patients includes MRI, CT SPECT, DSA and VCT angiography, doppler and blood flow studies.
This department provides medical care to patients who suffer from disorders of the nervous system, including the involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems and the spinal cord. Treatments provided by Neurologists include, but not restricted to: Epilepsy, Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Movement Disorders, Memory and Behavioral Disorders, Tremors including Parkinsonism, Encephalitis, Myelitis, Neuropathy, Multiple Sclerosis, Vertigo, Ataxia and Myopathies and Sleep apnoea.
A slipped disc – known as a prolapsed or herniated disc – occurs when one of the discs that sit between the bones of the spine (the vertebrae) is damaged and presses on the nerves. This can cause back pain and neck pain, as well as symptoms such as numbness, a tingling sensation, or weakness in other areas of the body.
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain or central spine that can disrupt proper brain function. Doctors refer to a tumor based on where the tumor cells originated, and whether they are cancerous (malignant) or not (benign).
A subdural hematoma occurs when a blood vessel near the surface of the brain bursts. Blood builds up between the brain and the brain’s tough outer lining. The condition is also called a subdural hemorrhage
Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. The median nerve controls sensations to the palm side of the thumb and fingers (although not the little finger), as well as impulses to some small muscles in the hand that allow the fingers and thumb to move.
The condition is caused by compression or irritation of the ulnar nerve. It can cause numbness, tingling and/or pain in the arm and certain fingers.
The condition in which brain tissue extends into your spinal canal. It occurs when part of your skull is abnormally small or misshapen, pressing on your brain and forcing it downward.
A spinal tumor is a growth that develops within your spinal canal or within the bones of your spine. It may be cancerous or noncancerous.
As the name implies, it is a condition in which the primary characteristic is excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain. Although hydrocephalus was once known as “water on the brain,” the “water” is actually cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) — a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
Your neck is made up of vertebrae that extend from the skull to the upper torso. Cervical discs absorb shock between the bones. The bones, ligaments, and muscles of your neck support your head and allow for motion. Any abnormalities, inflammation, or injury can cause neck pain or stiffness.
Lower back pain can be caused by a variety of problems with any parts of the complex, interconnected network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones, discs or tendons in the lumbar spine.
Spine deformity can happen when unnatural curvature occurs, as in scoliosis (side-to-side curvature) or kyphosis and Scheuermann’s disease (front-to-back curvature). It also occurs due to defect (e.g. spondylolisthesis) or damage to the spine (if there are multiple fractures or ankylosing spondylitis).
Everyone's spine has subtle natural curves. But some people have different curves, side-to-side spinal curves that also twist the spine. This condition is called "scoliosis". On an x-ray with a front or rear view of the body, the spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like an "S" or a "C" than a straight line. These curves can make a person's shoulders or waist appear uneven. These curves can't be corrected simply by learning to stand up straight.